|Title of the article
LANGUAGE POLICY IN THE USA: MAIN DEVELOPMENT TRENDS
Nikolaev Boris Viktorovich, Candidate of historical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of legal disciplines, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Pavlova Nataliya Anatol'evna, Candidate of pedagogical sciences, head of sub-department of foreign languages, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. The USA is one of the most diverse countries in terms of ethnic, racial and linguistic issues. The study of general trends, forms, methods and results of the American language policy seems relevant in connection with the active development of the national language policy in this country, and due to aggrevation of the language situation in several countries. The aim of the research is to examine the underlying mechanisms and ways of implementation of the language policy in the United States at the present stage.
Materials and methods. Implementation of the tasks was achieved by analyzing social and linguistic realities in the United States, the activities of non-governmental organizations in this field, the legislative process at the federal level and at the state level. The methodological potential included the methods of comparative historical and legal analysis.
Results. The result of this study is identification of major trends in the development of the language policy in the United States, its forms and internal contradictions.
Conclusions. The language policy of the United States at the present time is very inconsistent and unsystematic, with significant differences at the federal and state level, and in some areas of public life. One of the most controversial issues of language policy remains the problem of the definition of English as the official language of the USA.
language policy, English, U.S. law, linguistic discrimination.
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